The number of patients seeking dentistry due to temporomandibular joint disease has increased by 32.0% over the past five years. According to the Insurance Corporation, the number of patients treated for jaw joint disease increased from 293,330 in 2012 to 387,515 in 2017, an average of 6.4% over the past five years.
According to gender and age group, the number of patients in their 20s was the highest with 10,900 people (28.1%), followed by 60,0208 people (16.0%) and 50,08035 people (15.0%). According to gender, 229763 women and 150,7752 men are women, which is 1.5 times more than men. Especially, there were many female patients of young age group. There were 62,414 women in their 20s and 1.3 times more women in the same age group, 46,587 men. In the 30s and 40s, there were more female patients in all ages except for those under 9 years, including 1.6 times and 1.7 times.
Jaw joints are joints in front of both ears that allow you to move the lower jaw when you eat or speak. If you have "crackling" in your ears (jaw joints) when you open your mouth and you have pain, you should suspect a jaw joint disease. In severe cases, you may not be able to open or close your mouth at will. In addition, pain and abnormal symptoms of the surrounding muscles, including the head and neck, including the face and neck, are also included in the temporomandibular joint disease.
The three major symptoms of temporomandibular joint disease are pain and sound (articulation), opening limitation that does not open mouth well. But it is not a jaw joint disease that needs to be treated all the time. About 30% of the total population is known to have a mouth opening and sounding in the jaw joints, which accounts for 5 to 7% of the total population.
In addition to cognitive behavior therapy, exercise therapy such as posture correction, occlusal stabilizer that protects teeth and supporting structures from abnormal force, physical therapy, and drug therapy are examples of the jaw joint therapy.
In recent years, Botox injections are also popular among female patients. Professor Ahn said, "The muscles that protrude from the cheek (maxillary muscle) under the jaw joint and the upper temples (the temporal roots) are touched. "The side effects are the degeneration of the muscles, but the female jaw is preferred because it has the effect of narrowing the jaws."
Botox injections are also helpful for dry mouth, one of the causes of jaw joint disease. However, even after the Botox injections, if you do not change your existing lifestyle, such as chewing forcibly, you may have a bigger jaw joint, which may worsen the jaw joint disease.
Myofascial pain, a disorder of the temporomandibular joint, can cause pain in my teeth. Facial nerves are adjacent to each other. For example, if there is fascia pain on the upper or lower side of the cheek muscle (leg muscle), the pain appears in the upper molar or lower molar. If fascial pain occurs in the anterior or posterior part of the lateral head muscles (temporalis muscle), the upper incisors or upper molars may be affected, and the lower incisors may be painful if there is fascia pain in the neck muscles.