Suspect gum disease if you bleed when brushing your teeth.
Gum disease is often neglected because symptoms do not appear until it has progressed considerably. The initial symptoms of gum disease, which can cause swelling or bleeding with brushing teeth, should not be overlooked. As the gum disease progresses, the teeth appear longer than usual as periodontal pockets form. Also teeth can shake, gaps between teeth can grow, you can have bad breath. The more severe the gum disease, the deeper the periodontal pockets may be exposed and the root of the tooth may be exposed. Eventually, the alveolar bones(bone holding teeth) are also damaged, increasing the risk of tooth loss.
Pregnant women increase the incidence of gum disease due to increased bacterial count and hormone levels
It is known that the incidence of gum disease (gingivitis) in pregnant women is 35-100% higher than that of general women. This is because the number of bacteria that cause gingivitis in the middle of pregnancy is 55 times higher than that of non-pregnant women, and the level of hormones that worsen inflammation of the gums also increases. Also, the early detection of gum disease in pregnant women, the better the treatment effect is. Even during pregnancy, you can receive dental treatment in the second trimester (14-28 weeks), which is a relatively stable period compared to the early and late periods. Even in the 1st trimester (1~13 weeks) or 3rd trimester (28 weeks ~ delivery), simple oral care, clinical examinations, etc. can be performed except for radiographic examination, and even simple emergency treatment is possible when the pain is severe. Therefore, when teeth or gums are uncomfortable, it is best to seek dental advice immediately without enduring or taking painkillers.
Proper brushing, prevention by regular scaling
The basis for preventing gum disease is oral hygiene. It is important to brush and floss properly after eating and before going to bed and brush your tongue. Brushing should be done as if sweeping the upper teeth from top to bottom and the lower teeth from bottom to top. In addition, you must have heard a lot of stories that you need to brush your teeth thoroughly for 3 minutes. However, it is quite a long time to practice. In addition, if the teeth are not neat and crooked, the bristles may not reach every corner. Use a floss/interdental toothbrush to remove the remnants that are easy to miss with brushing. Above all, it is recommended to see a dentist regularly once every 6 months to a year.